Anything about JUDAISM
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MODERATOR Posted - 16 July 2008 18:45
1) Summer vacation presents a rare opportunity to learn Torah for those who are normally occupied with making a living or in school. Every man is obligated to set aside at least two times for learning each day - one during the day and one during the night. The halacha demands that any extra time we have be used for learning Torah.

2) Spending time reading useless novels is a violation of the halacha of "al tifnu el ha'elilim and moshav letzim." The same applies to engaging in any form of unproductive entertainment.

3) If you take a walk of more than 4 "Mil" (approx. 3 miles) away from your settlement, you must make tefilas haderech. According to some poskim, when traveling that distance by car, tefilas haderech should be said without a bracha, or within the bracha of shema koleinu during the last tefilah before your trip. According to them, to make tefilas haderech on a car trip, you must travel for a distance away from your town that normally takes at least 72 minutes.

4) If you are normally accustomed to davening maariv after tzais hakochavim and your colony davens before shekiyah, you may daven without a minyan during your usual late time. If they daven after shekiyah, the consensus of poskim hold that you should daven with them and make sure to repeat kerias shema after tzais hakochavim.

5) Ten people davening outdoors constitute a minyan if they can see each other, as long as there is no public road dividing the mispallelim. You should avoid davening in a completely open field (i.e. with no gate around it.) If there is no choice, you should try to daven among trees.

6) It is said in the name of the Chazon Ish ZT"L and Satmar Rav ZT"L that children, even below the age of chinuch, should not go mixed swimming, because they may remember the experience when they get older.

7) When a woman's husband is away in the city, she must be extra careful to avoid yichud, as the heter of baalah b'eir will not apply. Yichud applies in an unsupervised empty field, and in a car on infrequently traveled roads.

8) Men are halachicly obligated to avoid being in the vicinity of improperly dressed women wherever possible, even if they avert their eyes. Therefore, if there is no undue difficulty involved (consult with your Rav involving the details) you are obligated halachicly to go out of your way to avoid even temporarily being in an area with pritzus.

9) Klall Yisroel are noted for their respect for each other's privacy. Hence there is a halacha that you may not build a window with a direct view into your neighbor's window. In a bungalow colony extra care must be taken to maintain your neighbor's right to privacy.

10) Although nowadays bloodshot eggs may be eaten after throwing away the blood because our eggs are not fertilized, this does not always hold true with eggs purchased in the mountains. Before applying this leniency to eggs purchased upstate, you must determine if in fact the eggs in question could not have been fertilized. This determination should be done by or under the auspices of a Rav.

11) You should try to buy fish only from a reliable shomer Torah umitzvos. You may under no circumstances buy fish fillets from a non-Jew or non-religious Jew unless you saw the fish being fileted and recognized it as kosher. When the fish is brought home, it should be washed thoroughly in cold water in the bathroom sink before being used.

12) Cut melons bought from a non-Shomer Torah umitzvos should have a small layer of the cut surface shaved off and discarded before they are used.

13) The Chofetz Chaim wrote (Shem Olam 6) that for any effort a person takes on the weekdays to ensure he does not violate Shabbos later on, he gets a mitzvah of "Shomor es yom haShabbos." Included in this is making sure you leave for your Shabbos trip to the mountains early enough so that you will not be stuck for Shabbos. The time allotted for your trip should take into consideration that there is often heavy traffic on the way to the mountains on erev Shabbos.

14) If you are in a hotel for Shabbos, you should light Shabbos candles either in the room where you sleep or on the table where you eat. You are not yotzeh by lighting in a room designated specially for everyone to light Shabbos candles, unless you will eat something there later on (such as a hotel tea room.) In the name of R. Yaakov Kaminetsky ZT"L, a solution is to turn on an incandescent light in a bathroom adjacent to your bedroom, have in mind that this is being done for Shabbos candles, leave the door slightly open so that it shines into your bedroom, and then light later, with a bracha, in the hotel's designated room. If the hotel prohibits you to light candles in your room, you may not do so against their orders.

15) If you eat your Shabbos meal early Friday night, it is advisable to eat at least a kazayis (or a kebayah) of bread after tzais hakochavim.

16) If the gas goes out under your blech on Shabbos, your options are a subject of controversy in the poskim. Consult with your Rav before any such mishap occurs.

17) You may not drink water outdoors or wash mayim achronim over grass or flowers on Shabbos. Drinking juice or other non-water-based drinks is permitted in public and non-Jewish owned fields. Juice from concentrate is considered water-based and prohibited in any case.

18) You may not drag a bench or chair across the ground on Shabbos if it is so heavy that it will definitely make tracks in the ground. Rolling a carriage, however, is permitted even if it will definitely make tracks in the ground.

19) You may not break spider-webs on Shabbos.

20) You may not hang something on a tree on Shabbos, nor may you hang something on a nail which is embedded in a tree or on a string attached to tree. Similarly, you may not swing on a swing or lie in a hammock atttached to a tree or branch. Leaning on a tree is also prohibited if the tree moves even slightly.

21) You may not remove something hanging on a tree, even if the thing was hanging there before Shabbos.

22) However, if a the string is not attached to the tree itself, but to a nail embedded in the tree, it may be used on Shabbos, both hanging and removing.

23) Unscented insecticides (such as 6-12) may be used on Shabbos.

24) It is prohibited to feed animals on Shabbos unless you own them. An exception to this is a dog, which you may feed even if you don't own it.

25) You are allowed to trap bees, dining needles, and other harmful insects (e.g. under a cup) on Shabbos if you are afraid they will sting you.

27) It is prohibited to walk in a place where it is inevitable that you will trample on insects. Therefore, care should be taken in those places where you will know insects are prevalent not to trample them underfoot.

28) You may not ride a bicycle on Shabbos, even inside an Eruv (uvda d'chol / shema yesaken).

29) If the owner of a bungalow colony is not frum, care must be taken not to induce him to repair something on Shabbos. Even if he does a repair on his own on Shabbos, you may not derive benefit from his work on that Shabbos, and sometimes even after Shabbos. If the person making the repair for you is a non-Jew, you may not derive benefit from it on Shabbos, and for a certain amount of time after Shabbos (b'kdei sheyaseh).

30) However, if the Eruv is broken, and there is a reason to believe that Jews will violate Shabbos because of it, you may ask a non-Jew to repair the Eruv on Shabbos.

31) Bungalows need a mezuzah. Unless the bungalow is winterized, the mezuzah should be affixed without a bracha. Often, the bungalow colony entrance may need a mezuzah as well.

32) According to many poskim, a woman may not affix a mezuzah. If your husband is not available to affix a mezuzah, he should make a shliach to do so. If that is impossible, then the woman may do it herself rather than to live in a bungalow for 30 days without a mezuzah.

33) Porches often need mezuzos if they have a tzuras hapesach (2 doorposts and a crossbeam). If the doorposts are there only to support the roof of the porch, then a mezuzah is not required.

Wishing you a happy, healthy and successful summer.


taon Posted - 21 September 2008 21:36
I was only able to retrieve the first page, but its something.

akiv44 Posted - 14 July 2000 13:53 OK I have some questions here. First of all which of these rule are actually halachot and which are chumrot?
What do you mean when you say we can't read? Al tifnu el ha'elilim means don't turn towards the gods. I'm not worshiping gods by reading. I remember in class ( O.T.I. RULES!!!!) Rabbi Willig said if you know your going to do something worse then reading (he was talking about shabbat) then you might as well read.
Everyday I run 3 miles home from camp. Do I need to say tefilat haderech?
You rule number 8 about being in the vicinity of improperly dressed women. All of new york is basically an area of pritzut. I don't understand how we can follow that rule
Whats up with rule number 17? I read that one over a few times to make sure I was reading it right. Maybe i just don't understand. We can't drink water outside? What if I'm thirsty and just wanna sit under a tree and drink?
OK thats about it. I would really like to know which of these laws are chumrot....

MODERATOR Posted - 18 July 2000 20:28 Akiv, all of them are laws except when it says something like "preferable".

The Halachah about drinking on the grass is a Rama.

About the reading on Shabbos, of course your rebbe is correct. But that does not mean readin is permitted. It only means that it's better than being Mechallel Shabbos. It's also better than murder. So if I tell you "if you're going to commit murder, it's better to sit and read prohibited literature", do I mean that the literature is OK?

About Tefilas Haderech, you should only say it if you're going from one town to another, and in between is nto full of settlements. If you are in doubt and have nobody reliable to ask, say it without a Brachah.

By the way, which coed camp are you in?

Edited by - admindealing on 7/18/2000 9:30:47 PM

akiv44 Posted - 19 July 2000 20:36 I don't understand the drinking thing. I mean when these laws were first made in Israel i'm sure. people had no choice but to drink on the grass
I go to flatbush park day camp. It's an OK camp

MODERATOR Posted - 19 July 2000 20:37 People can drink on non-soil (stone) ground, or indoors.

Edited by - admindealing on 7/19/2000 9:38:18 PM

artzanu Posted - 20 July 2000 18:43 I Think Akivas question is valid because as i mentioned elsewhere often you (I dont mean you in particular , i have not seen enoughto know if you do or dont) will include things as halacha when a big posek has said it and not include thatthere may be other big rabbis (often when u wont include it is when they are in the Modern community) have other opinions. What happens is people end up besides not getting all the facts, they send up seeng other people doing thigs which they see as against halacha, they judge them, and often sinat chinam prevails. certainly they are jusdge falsely justbacsue some rabbi didnt bother to say that thetre ar othervalid opinions. - Akiva i dont know much about OTI but i did have the honer of hearing Rav Willeg speak he seems like a great rav (assuming its the same one is this the rav willig from YU? - I think Rav Mordechai?

MODERATOR Posted - 20 July 2000 19:00 You're correct that it's important not only to know if something is Halachah but to know if it is Minhag or Din; a unanimous ruling or subject of disagreement, etc. Rav Yaakov Kaminetzky ZTL writes, in his commentary on Pirkei Avos, that that's the meaning of "Lo am haaretz chosid" -- meaning, even if you see what religious people do and emulate their behavior, if you do not know WHY we do things you still will get in trouble, because you may see someone doing something different than you were "taught" to do, and you will not know if the other person is following another legitimate opinion or not, and that can lead, as you say, to sinah and other problems.

However, it is also beyond the scope of these boards to give a full Halachic shiur on every question asked. I recommend what I believe to be the correct course of action, and use words such as “preferable” or “better” as opposed to “should” or “must” when appropriate.

You also have to understand that a rabbi need not consider the opinions of other rabbis if he feels they are in error, unless the opposing rabbis are sufficiently great in stature so as to make him reconsider his own position. So you may find rabbis that disagree with what I say, but I can only tell you what I believe is correct.

akiv44 Posted - 21 July 2000 17:24 artzanu- The rabbi willig in my school is his brother
Moderator are you sure you don't mean we can't drink on grass on shabbat? Because that would make more sense, then just saying we can't drink on grass all the time.
And I still don't understand the prohibition against reading. I know not many teenagers like to read but I love to read. I'll read anything and everything. I mean if i didn't during during the summer I'd be so bored. I'd just sit around doing nothing. I understand some books aren't kosher, like romance novels. But other stuff should be fine. Right?

MODERATOR Posted - 21 July 2000 17:27 Yes, I mean on Shabbos. I though that would be understood, but thank you for pointing out my omition. I fixed it for future readers.

As far as the books go, check out Shulchan Aruch OH 307, at the end. There you will find the Halachos of what you cannot read on Shabbos and weekdays.

Edited by - admindealing on 7/21/2000 6:30:41 PM

artzanu Posted - 24 July 2000 19:42 Moderater your responce does make alot of sence, I understand this is not a complete halacha sefer and you cant possibly include every possible opinion.

But 2 things first of all this is not a tyical shul where people are choosing a rav with a certain hashkafa, This is a site for all jewish teens to learn about Judaism (Orthodox) There fore it is you job in a sence to respresent all the valid othodox opinions. I do understand that this takk is olmost impossible but I think it should be done as best as possible specifically because of the reason I mentioned above and even more importantbecause o fthe reason you elaberated on so well.

In your defence this website isnt a halacha sefer and people should ask their rav and learn more halacha, but unfortunately many people wont - at least not at this point. Additionaly I do fully understand that you must have so many questions and so many people to respond to I dont know how you do it in a days work So i understand how hard it must be but what can I say I feel for those 2 reasons Its important.
your use of those various words is somewhat helpful.

by the way speaking of how busy you are, I had written 2 long posts on erev shabbat I donts ee them hear yet, I hope you will have time to post them and respond to them when you can. I spend a long time on them. (one was in the short skirts/long skirts or something like that section i forget where the other one was) I hope you did not find them too offensive.

MODERATOR Posted - 24 July 2000 19:45 I will reposnd to yor posts. i was away for the weekend, and I am backlogged. No, they are not offensive at all. You deserve answers, and oyu will get them. Just please bear in mind (and this has to do also with the first half of your post) that just because someon writes something in a book doesn't mean it's true. I will explain everythingwhen I get to your post. Give me a day or so please to catch up.
Thanks.
mevaseret Posted - 24 July 2000 20:04 shavuah tov (yes I am writing this motzei shabbat). moderator- i was wondering, what are yor qualifications (not to be audacious or anything), are you a rabbi or a spiritual advisor (i mean if you are female i assume you aren't a rabbi)? Also, why is it forbidden to read "certain" books? And on Shabbat, a good book can contribute to oneg shabbat. And if you say that some books are not "Jewish" or in the "spirit of Torah," I would refer you to Brachot 62:a which basically depicts how torah encompasses all aspects of life; literature is usually the ariticulation and/or analysis of said aspects. Thank you.

MODERATOR Posted - 24 July 2000 20:15 Re what am I: I would like to remain just someone who discussing important topics with others on this board. One thing I will say: I am not Rav Elyashev, and nobody has to listen to what I say because of who I am. I am trying to create objective, open discussion on an equal playing field, so to speak, and I don't want to create a authority-follower-of-authority situation. I try to state my case as clearly and objectively as possible, and will cite reasons for what I profess. If, after all that, you disagree with me, well, like I said, I am not Rav Elyashev. Please cut me some slack on this. Thanks.

As far as books go, the Shulchan Aruch OH 307:16 states clearly that certain books re prohibited on Shabbos and certain even during the week. Chazal learn this out from the pesukim "moshav letzim" and "al tifnu el haelilim". You arecorrect, certin books are not in the spirit of the Torah, and even if they are not against the Torah, they can still be prohibited under the above Halachos. Please look it up.

As far as the Torah "encompassing everything", of course it does. It encompassess pork, too. But that doesn't mean you can eat it. So, too, with the written word. The Torah says not everything can you read. Nothing in brachos 62a contradicts this.

neshamaleh Posted - 24 July 2000 22:15 I just wanted to add that reading is not an issur!
maybe it's different for men and women... don't know why it would be, but if something relaxes you and it's not something against the Torah, you can read it!
That's what my Rav told me, and he is a very brillinat learned scholar.

MODERATOR Posted - 24 July 2000 22:18 neshomaleh (I like your screen name),

Please consult the Shulchan Aruch as mentioned above, where it says that reading certain material is indeed prohibited. Feel free to ask your rabbi what exactly he meant.

MODERATOR Posted - 05 July 2009 14:07
Time again to move this to the top

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