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MODERATOR Posted - 10 November 2000 1:36
COOKING MEAT WITH MILK


1) BASAR BEHEMA

So far we know that it is forbidden to cook the meat of a kosher behamah in the milk of a kosher behamah. The Posuk doesn't mention anything about ”eating”. And so it is forbidden by Torah-law to merely ”cook” kosher behama meat with kosher behama milk, even if you don't eat the mixture!

Example: Mrs. Rosenberg is taking a cooking course. She knows that the ingredients they use in class aren't kosher, as well as being "Bosor B'Cholov," and so she refrains from tasting her masterpieces in class. she can't wait to get home where she can use her newly found cooking skills with Coffee-Rich and margarine. Halacha: If in class she cooked meat of behema in butter or milk, she transgressed the Issur D'Oraisa of cooking meat in milk.


2) FRYING (TIGUN) AND BROILING (TZLI)

The literal meaning of the word "cooking" ("Bishul") in the Torah is heating something in a liquid with fire. There is a disagreement among the Poskim if the D'Oraisa prohibition of "cooking" meat in milk applies to broiling and frying meat in milk as well. Pri Chadash quoted in Rabi Akiva Eiger, (Y.D. 87 "Elah"), Pri Megadim (M.Z. 87:1), and Chachmas Adam (40:1) all hold that broiling meat and milk together is prohibited M'Doraisah. Chavas Daas (87) holds that broiling meat and milk is prohibited only M'Drabbonon (by Rabbinic law).

Regarding frying meat in milk or butter, Chachmas Adam(40:1), and Pri Megadim (introduction to Basar B'Cholov) quoting Pri Chadash hold that frying is halachicly equivalent to cooking and is prohibited M'Doraisa, while Maharam Shif and Minchas Yaakov (quoted in Pri Megadim, ibid) hold that frying is not considered "cooking" in this respect, and is prohibited only M'Drabonon.


3) FOWL AND WILD ANIMALS

Question: If meat of fowl and Chaya are not included in the Torah's prohibition of Basar Becholov may eat a chicken sandwich with a milk-chocolate bar?

Answer: According to the Shulchan Aruch, meat of fowl is prohibited by Rabbinic Law to eat with milk, but is permitted to cook together and to derive benefit from. See also Shach 87:4 quoting Maharshal that the prohibition is biblical; also Shach 87:1 quoting Bach that according to Rambam, fowl and milk are Asur Bahanoah by Rabbinic Law, but Shach himself permits.

Question: is it permitted, then, to cook chicken or venison in milk?

Answer: According to many Poskim it is prohibited, for a different reason:

Chazal were concerned that if someone would be seen cooking meat - any type of meat - in milk, the person observing him might mistakenly think the meat is indeed Basar Behema, and that the person doing the cooking is committing an Issur D'Oraisa. Chazal did not want such confusion and suspicion taking place, and so they prohibited cooking any type of meat in milk, lest an innocent bystander mistakenly suspect one of transgressing Torah
law.
Such a prohibition is called "Mares Ayin," and is a Rabbinic
prohibition.

There are Poskim, though, who hold that since Chaya and fowl
are easily recognized as such, no bystander could mistake them
for Basar Behema, and therefore cooking them in milk would not
involve Mares Ayin. Others apply this leniency to fowl only,
which bears little if any resemblance to beef. Chaya meat,
according to them, can indeed be mistaken for Basar Behema and
is therefore subject to Mares Ayin.(Levush 87:3, Chaguras Shmuel 6)

In addition, there are those who hold that Mares Ayin does
not apply at all to the act of cooking, as even if the meat being
cooked is suspect as coming from a Behema, there is always the
possibility that the mixture is being prepared for medicinal
purposes, and is permitted. Therefore, even if an observer
mistakes the meat for Basar Behema, he could not objectively
suspect the cook of violating a prohibition.
(Ramah 87:4, Taz 87:5, Levush 87:3 quoted in Taz above, Shach
87:7, Chaguras Shmuel on Levush 87:6)

Note: The disagreement regarding cooking fowl in milk
applies only to where the mixture is not subsequently eaten.
Eating fowl cooked in milk is unanimously prohibited by
Rabbinic Law.

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